Sunday School Bible Survey:      II CHRONICLES

Theme: J Vernon McGee wrote, "In II Chronicles we will find two major themes. The first is the building of the temple. The second theme is revival" (Thru the Bible).


Key verses: "If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land" (II Chronicles 7:14).


From the Scofield Study Bible:
This book continues the history begun in First Chronicles. It falls into eighteen divisions, by reigns, from Solomon to the captivities; records the division of the kingdom of David under Jeroboam and Rehoboam, and is marked by an ever growing apostasy, broken temporarily by reformations under Asa (14-16); Jehoshaphat (17:1-19); Joash (24); Hezekiah (29-32); and Josiah (34, 35). But the religious state of the people, even at the best, is described in Isaiah 1-5.


The events recorded in Second Chronicles cover a period of 427 years. (Ussher).


J. Vernon McGee's outline:

  1. Solomon's Reign (1-9)
  2. Division of the Kingdom and History of Judah (10-36)
    Reformations Given Prominence:
  1. Asa's (14-16)
  2. Jehoshaphat's (17-20)
  3. Joash's (23, 24)
  4. Hezekiah's (29-32)
  5. Josiah's (34, 35)

Introduction:

  1. The two books of Chronicles (like the two books of Kings) were originally one book in the Jewish Bible. Together they cover the period from the death of Saul to the captivities.
  2. King David dominates the book of I Chronicles, and the book ends with his death. Second Chronicles begins with the reign of his son King Solomon.
  3. Merrill F. Unger said, "The name Chronicles comes from Jerome" (Introductory Guide to the Old Testament).
  4. We cannot be sure who wrote the books of I & II Chronicles. Tradition says that Ezra is the author, but the Bible does not say.
  5. Second Chronicles contain some important information not given in I & II Kings. For example, we would not know about King Manasseh's repentance if it were not for the account given in II Chronicle 33:11-20.
  6. The great revival under King Hezekiah is given only a few verses in II Kings 18, but it is given three chapters in II Chronicles (chapters 29—31).
  7. The focus in II Chronicles is the history of Judah, not the northern kingdom of Israel. The two books of Chronicles give a fuller account of Judah, and they omit many details.
  8. Second Chronicles ends with the proclamation of Cyrus, king of Persia, to allow the Jews to rebuild the temple (36:22, 23; cf. Ezra 1:1, 2).

I. KING SOLOMON'S REIGN (1-9).

  1. He started out well (1:1-6).
  2. He asked God for wisdom (1:7-12).
  3. He prepared to build the temple (2).
  4. He started building the temple (3-5).
  5. His prayer of dedication for the temple (6).
  6. God sent down fire from heaven (7).
  7. The great fame of King Solomon (8).
  8. The queen of Sheba visited King Solomon (9:1-12).
  9. The death of King Solomon (9:29-31).

II. KING SOLOMON'S SON REHOBOAM (10-12).

  1. His foolishness in listening to his worldly friends (10:1-14).
  2. The kingdom divided (10:15-19).
  3. In the north, King Jeroboam started his own idolatrous religion (11:14, 15).

III. THE KINGS OF JUDAH (12—36).

  1. Rehoboam — son of King Solomon, a bad king (10-12).
  2. Abijah — son of Rehoboam, a bad king (13).
  3. Asa, son of Rehoboam, a good king (14-16).
  4. Jehoshaphat, son of Asa, a good king (17-20).
  5. Jehoram, son of Jehoshaphat, a bad king (21).
  6. Ahaziah, son of King Jehoram, a bad king (22).
  7. King Ahaziah was killed by Jehu, because he was related to wicked King Ahab by marriage (22:8, 9).
  8. Second Chronicles 22:10 says, "But when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal of the house of Judah."
  9. "But Jehoshabeath, the daughter of the king, took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him from among the king's sons that were slain, and put him and his nurse in a bedchamber. So Jehoshabeath, the daughter of king Jehoram, the wife of Jehoiada the priest, (for she was the sister of Ahaziah,) hid him from Athaliah, so that she slew him not. And he was with them hid in the house of God six years: and Athaliah reigned over the land" (II Chron. 22:11, 12).
  10. Joash's great-uncle, the high priest Jehoiada, brought him forth when he was seven years of age, and had him crowned and anointed king. Wicked Queen Athaliah was taken by surprise when she heard the people clapping their hands and shouting "God save the king," and when she appeared in the temple to challenge the coup, Jehoiada commanded her to be taken out of the temple and executed (23:11-15).
  11. King Joash was a good king and he reigned for 40 years (24:1). As long as Jehoiada the priest was around to advise him he did well, but when Jehoiada died King Joash lost his way (24:2; cf. 24:15-27).
  12. After Joash was killed by his servants, Amaziah his son reigned in his stead (24:25-27). Amaziah was a good king (25:1-4).
  13. Amaziah was also killed by conspirators, and his son Azariah, also known as Uzziah, was put on the throne by the people of Judah (25:26-28; 26:1).
  14. King Uzziah was a good king, and he reigned for 52 years (26:3-5).
  15. King Uzziah was followed by his son Jotham, who was also a good king (27:1, 2).
  16. Ahaz, the son of Jotham, was a bad king (28:1-4).
  17. After Ahaz, his son Hezekiah became king and he was a good king (29:1, 2).
  18. There was a great revival under the leadership of King Hezekiah (29-32).
  19. Hezekiah was followed by his son Manasseh, who was a wicked king (33:1-6). However, II Chronicles 33:11-13 says King Manasseh "humbled himself greatly before the God of his fathers," indicating he repented in his final days (II Chron. 33:14-20). Nevertheless, the damage was done and God's judgment was irrevocable.
  20. After the death of King Manasseh, his son Amon became the king of Judah, and he was a bad king (33:21-23).
  21. After the death of King Amon, his son Josiah reigned in his stead (33:24, 25). King Josiah was a very good king, and the last good king of Judah (34, 35).
  22. King Josiah died on the battlefield of Megiddo, where the Battle of Armageddon will be fought (35:20-27).
  23. After the death of King Josiah, his son Jehoahaz became king, but reigned for only three months (36:1, 2). He and all his successors were bad kings. This was the beginning of the end for Judah (36:3-21).



These are simple Sunday School survey notes. They are not for sale. The author used many outlines from popular Bible teachers such as C.I. Scofield and J. Vernon McGee, and he has tried to give credit when using their material.



—  Pastor James J. Barker  —