Sunday School Bible Survey:      EXODUS

Theme: Redemption through blood

Key verse: "And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt" (Exodus 12:13).

WRITER: The first five books of the Bible were written by Moses. The first word "now" (Exodus 1:1) links Exodus with Genesis. In Exodus 3, the LORD called out to Moses out of the midst of the burning bush. Jesus referred to this in Mark 12:26, "Have ye not read in the book of Moses, how in the bush God spake unto him?"

In Exodus 20:25, the LORD said to Moses, "And if thou wilt make me an altar of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn stone: for if thou lift up thy tool upon it, thou hast polluted it." Joshua 8:31 refers to this: "As Moses the servant of the LORD commanded the children of Israel, as it is written in the book of the law of Moses..."

"Evidences from the book itself lead to the conclusion that the author was a highly educated man, who had been a long-time resident of Egypt and was an eyewitness of the Exodus" — Charles C. Ryrie. "And Moses was learned in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and was mighty in words and in deeds" (Acts 7:22).

Moses' name is found 290 times in Exodus. Moses was a type of Christ, Egypt a type of the world, and Pharaoh a type of Satan.

  • Moses lived for 40 years in Pharaoh's palace in Egypt.
  • Moses spent 40 years on the backside of the desert in Midian.
  • Moses led the Israelites for 40 years during their exodus from Egypt.

  • DATE: The Book of Exodus was written between 1440 and 1400 B.C. The events recorded in Exodus cover a period of 216 years (Ussher).

    "Exodus" means, "way out," or "departure."

    Importance of the book of Exodus: Exodus records the birth of the nation of Israel. There were seventy of them when Jacob and his family entered Egypt (Genesis 46:27; Exodus 1:5). It has been estimated that there were over two million Israelites when they left (cf. Exodus 1:7; 12:37).

    The first Passover celebration is recorded in Exodus 12. In Exodus, God revealed Himself in a new name. "I AM THAT I AM" (Exodus 3:14). The crossing of the Red Sea, the manna from heaven, the Ten Commandments, and the worship of the golden calf are recorded in the book of Exodus (Ex. 14, 16, 20, 32).

    Separation from Egypt: God led the Israelites out of Egypt and across the Red Sea. "There was to be no going back to Egypt. The old way of life was to be left behind forever. In the waters of the Red Sea, Israel, as it were, died to Egypt, and Egypt's hold over Israel was completely broken" — John Phillips, Exploring the Scriptures.

    The law: "At Mount Sinai Israel was given the law... Its chief purpose was to expose sin and paint in most vivid colors the fearful, blazing, dazzling holiness of God. The law fell into two divisions, moral and ceremonial. The moral law revealed why holiness was important, and the ceremonial law revealed how holiness was to be imparted. The moral law reveals to saint and sinner alike that the human heart cannot produce holiness of itself. The ceremonial law with its many sacrifices and offerings points to Christ, who alone kept the moral law and Whose blood alone can cleanse from sin" — John Phillips, Exploring the Scriptures.

    The tabernacle: When the Israelites were encamped in the desert, the tabernacle was situated in the very center of the camp, with the twelve tribes encamped around it in an orderly fashion. The mercy seat was in the most holy place of the tabernacle, and was sprinkled with the blood of a sin offering.

    Not all the blood of beasts
    On Jewish altars slain
    Could give the guilty conscience peace
    Or wash away the stain.

    But Christ, the heavenly Lamb,
    Takes all our sins away;
    A sacrifice of nobler name
    And richer blood than they
    . — Isaac Watts

    From the Scofield Study Bible:

    Exodus falls into three chief divisions:

  • Israel in Egypt (1-15.)
  • From the Red Sea to Sinai (16-18.)
  • Israel at Sinai (19-40.)

  • These are simple Sunday School survey notes. They are not for sale. The author used many outlines from popular Bible teachers such as C.I. Scofield and J. Vernon McGee, and he has tried to give credit when using their material.

    —  Pastor James J. Barker  —